Oregon Health & Sciences University

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News You Missed in 2020 (Part 2)
Current events

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Atul Gawande (Author of many medical books)
Health care issues

"Great for understanding and learning about how patients will have different needs and how even if a treatment doesn’t make the most medical sense to a physician that it can actually be the best option based on what is important to the patient. " - Ben on Being Mortal by Atul Gawande

Atul Gawande's books, including Being Mortal (2014), The Checklist Manifesto (2009), Better (2007), and Complications (2002), offer valuable insights into various aspects of medical practice, helping premed students better prepare as future physicians. These books discuss challenges, limitations, and improvement areas in medicine, offering readers a deeper understanding of patient care, medical ethics, and healthcare systems.

Being Mortal focuses on the end-of-life care and the importance of maintaining patients' dignity, autonomy, and quality of life. This book can help premed students appreciate the significance of compassionate and person-centered care, enabling them to consider patients' individual needs and preferences when making medical decisions.

The Checklist Manifesto emphasizes the value of using checklists in healthcare to reduce errors, improve patient outcomes, and streamline complex processes. This book highlights the importance of organization, teamwork, and communication in medical practice, preparing premed students for the collaborative nature of their future careers.

Better discusses the pursuit of excellence in medicine, offering insights into the habits and practices of highly effective physicians. Through this book, premed students can develop a better understanding of medical professionalism and learn strategies to enhance their own performance.

Complications explores the uncertainties and complexities inherent in medical practice, examining how physicians make decisions, handle errors, and deal with unexpected outcomes. This book encourages premed students to acknowledge and confront these challenges, fostering a more resilient and adaptable mindset.

In summary, Atul Gawande's books provide premed students with valuable perspectives on various aspects of medicine, helping them develop a well-rounded understanding of the profession and preparing them to become empathetic, effective, and ethical physicians.

CPSO reporting guidelines
Bioethics

The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO) reporting guidelines outline mandatory and permissive reporting policies for physicians practicing in Ontario. These guidelines are essential for maintaining professional conduct and protecting the public interest. Premed students can benefit from understanding these guidelines as they prepare for their future careers as physicians.

Mandatory reports are legally required and often involve specific information or professional medical opinions. Permissive reports, on the other hand, are based on professional responsibility and ethics, allowing physicians to use their discretion in deciding whether to make a report.

Some mandatory reporting obligations include child abuse or neglect, impaired driving ability, sexual abuse of a patient, and communicable diseases. Permissive reports might involve instances where disclosing patient information is necessary to protect others from harm.

Premed students should familiarize themselves with these reporting guidelines to better understand the legal, professional, and ethical reporting obligations they will face as physicians. By doing so, they can prepare for situations that may require them to balance patient confidentiality with public interest and safety.

In addition, premed students can develop effective communication skills by learning how to inform patients about their reporting duties when appropriate. This transparency can help build trust and strengthen the physician-patient relationship.

Understanding CPSO reporting guidelines will enable premed students to navigate complex reporting obligations and make informed decisions in their future practice. It is crucial for students to consult resources such as the Canadian Medical Protective Association (CMPA), the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario (IPC), and the College's Physician Advisory Service (PAS) for further guidance on reporting obligations.

Principles of Bioethics (University of Washington)
Bioethics

This is an education medical ethics site by the Department of Bioethics & Humanities at the University of Washington School of Medicine. It focuses on topics, cases, and principles focused on bioethics. This is the best free resource online recommended by all our staff. We believe it is superior to Doing Right by Hebert.

The Principles of Bioethics, an educational medical ethics site by the Department of Bioethics & Humanities at the University of Washington School of Medicine, offers invaluable resources to pre-med students preparing for their future roles as physicians. Authored by Thomas R. McCormick, D.Min., Senior Lecturer Emeritus, the site focuses on bioethics topics, cases, and principles, providing a comprehensive and accessible resource for aspiring medical professionals.

As future physicians, pre-med students must understand and apply ethical principles in their practice. The Principles of Bioethics offers guidance on four major principles of health care ethics, as outlined by Beauchamp and Childress (2008): respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice. By familiarizing themselves with these principles, students can develop a strong foundation for ethical decision-making in complex clinical situations.

The site explains how these principles can be applied to specific cases through a process of weighing and balancing competing duties. This approach helps students grasp the nuances of ethical decision-making, ensuring they consider the unique circumstances of each case and respect patients' diverse values.

Furthermore, understanding the history and development of medical ethics, from Hippocrates to contemporary philosophers, allows pre-med students to appreciate the evolution and significance of ethical principles in medicine. This knowledge will enable them to become more compassionate, responsible, and ethically-minded physicians.

In summary, the Principles of Bioethics offered by the University of Washington School of Medicine is an essential resource for pre-med students, equipping them with the knowledge and skills necessary to navigate ethical dilemmas and make sound, morally-informed decisions in their future medical practice.

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