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Vanessa's Law and Mandatory Reporting

Vanessa's Law, or the Protecting Canadians from Unsafe Drugs Act, is a critical piece of legislation that aims to enhance patient safety and improve Health Canada's oversight of therapeutic products. It was enacted in 2014 in response to the tragic death of 15-year-old Vanessa Young, who suffered a fatal cardiac arrhythmia after taking the prescribed medication cisapride (Prepulsid®). The law seeks to bolster post-market safety information collection, take appropriate action when serious health risks are identified, and promote transparency in the oversight of therapeutic products.

For premed students preparing to become future physicians, understanding Vanessa's Law and its mandatory reporting requirements is essential. The law empowers Health Canada to require information, tests, or studies, enforce label changes or package modifications, recall unsafe therapeutic products, disclose information in certain circumstances, and impose stringent measures for noncompliance.

Effective December 16th, 2019, health care institutions are required to report serious adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and medical device incidents (MDIs) under the law. This mandatory reporting helps to identify emerging safety issues, assess the harm versus benefit of drugs and medical devices, and improve patient outcomes and public health by sharing learnings through warnings, advisories, and risk mitigation measures.

Premed students can benefit from understanding the importance of Vanessa's Law in promoting patient safety, strengthening the healthcare system's knowledge base, and driving continuous improvement in the medical field. By familiarizing themselves with this legislation, future physicians will be better equipped to comply with mandatory reporting requirements and contribute to a safer healthcare environment.

Webpage
2 minutes

Social Determinants of Health (Health Canada)

The Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) by Health Canada is a crucial concept for premed students to understand as it highlights the various personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that influence individual and population health. These factors include income, education, employment, childhood experiences, physical environments, social supports, coping skills, access to health services, biology, genetics, gender, culture, and race.

Understanding the SDOH is essential for premed students because it emphasizes the importance of considering a patient's social and economic context when providing medical care. By being familiar with the SDOH, future physicians can recognize and address health inequalities and work towards creating a more equitable healthcare system.

Health inequalities refer to differences in health status between individuals and groups, which can be due to genetics, lifestyle choices, or social determinants. Health inequity, on the other hand, refers to health inequalities that are unfair, unjust, and modifiable. Health equity seeks to reduce these inequalities and increase access to opportunities and conditions conducive to health for all.

Premed students can prepare as future physicians by integrating the knowledge of SDOH into their practice, advocating for policies that address these determinants, and working collaboratively with other sectors to improve health equity. By acknowledging and addressing the SDOH, premed students can develop a more holistic, patient-centered approach to medicine, ultimately improving patient outcomes and reducing health disparities within the population.

Bioethics
10 minutes

Principles of Bioethics (University of Washington)

This is an education medical ethics site by the Department of Bioethics & Humanities at the University of Washington School of Medicine. It focuses on topics, cases, and principles focused on bioethics. This is the best free resource online recommended by all our staff. We believe it is superior to Doing Right by Hebert.

The Principles of Bioethics, an educational medical ethics site by the Department of Bioethics & Humanities at the University of Washington School of Medicine, offers invaluable resources to pre-med students preparing for their future roles as physicians. Authored by Thomas R. McCormick, D.Min., Senior Lecturer Emeritus, the site focuses on bioethics topics, cases, and principles, providing a comprehensive and accessible resource for aspiring medical professionals.

As future physicians, pre-med students must understand and apply ethical principles in their practice. The Principles of Bioethics offers guidance on four major principles of health care ethics, as outlined by Beauchamp and Childress (2008): respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice. By familiarizing themselves with these principles, students can develop a strong foundation for ethical decision-making in complex clinical situations.

The site explains how these principles can be applied to specific cases through a process of weighing and balancing competing duties. This approach helps students grasp the nuances of ethical decision-making, ensuring they consider the unique circumstances of each case and respect patients' diverse values.

Furthermore, understanding the history and development of medical ethics, from Hippocrates to contemporary philosophers, allows pre-med students to appreciate the evolution and significance of ethical principles in medicine. This knowledge will enable them to become more compassionate, responsible, and ethically-minded physicians.

In summary, the Principles of Bioethics offered by the University of Washington School of Medicine is an essential resource for pre-med students, equipping them with the knowledge and skills necessary to navigate ethical dilemmas and make sound, morally-informed decisions in their future medical practice.

On Becoming a Healer: The Journey from Patient Care to Caring about Your Patients by Saul J. Weiner

"Amazing book on compassionate medicine and learning about how to help others in ways that make the most sense to them. Opens up a lot of ideas about multidimensional ways of understanding well-being." - Ben

On Becoming a Healer: The Journey from Patient Care to Caring about Your Patients, written by Dr. Saul J. Weiner, is a transformative book that delves into the art of compassionate medicine and emphasizes the importance of truly understanding patients' needs in a multidimensional context. Dr. Weiner, a professor of medicine, pediatrics, and medical education at the University of Illinois at Chicago, shares his insights and experiences to guide premed students and aspiring physicians on their journey towards becoming empathetic, patient-centered healers.

For premed students preparing for a career in medicine, this book offers invaluable guidance on how to cultivate a deep sense of compassion and genuine care for patients. By exploring various aspects of well-being, Dr. Weiner encourages students to consider patients as unique individuals with diverse needs, rather than simply focusing on treating their symptoms or diseases. This approach fosters a more holistic understanding of healthcare, helping future physicians to develop strong connections with their patients and make a meaningful difference in their lives.

On Becoming a Healer also provides practical advice for students on how to navigate the challenges and complexities of the medical profession while maintaining their empathy and humanity. The book emphasizes the importance of active listening, effective communication, and adaptability in addressing patients' concerns and creating tailored care plans that truly resonate with them.

In summary, On Becoming a Healer is a powerful resource for premed students seeking to develop the qualities and skills necessary to excel as compassionate, patient-centered physicians. By embracing the principles laid out by Dr. Weiner, students can embark on a fulfilling journey towards becoming not just healthcare providers, but true healers in the lives of their patients.

Current events
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NPR News

National Public Radio (NPR) is a reputable, nonprofit media organization that offers in-depth news coverage on various topics, including U.S. and world news, politics, health, science, business, music, arts, and culture. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., with a West Coast branch in Culver City, California, NPR produces and distributes news and cultural programming to a network of member stations across the United States.

For pre-med students, regularly tuning in to NPR News can be highly beneficial in their preparation for a career as future physicians. The news outlet's health and science segments can provide students with up-to-date information on medical advancements, research breakthroughs, and public health issues. This can help them stay informed about the latest developments in the field of medicine and enhance their understanding of current healthcare challenges.

Moreover, NPR's coverage of diverse topics allows pre-med students to develop a broader perspective on the world, which is crucial for becoming well-rounded healthcare professionals. By listening to stories related to politics, culture, and society, students can gain insights into the social determinants of health and the impact of various factors on patient care.

In summary, NPR News is a valuable resource for pre-med students aiming to become well-informed, compassionate physicians. By keeping up with the latest news on health, science, and various other fields, students can expand their knowledge, develop a broader worldview, and better understand the complex interplay of factors that influence healthcare and patient outcomes.

Self-reflection
45 minutes

MMI Manual 2017/2018 (McMaster University)

The MMI (Multiple Mini-Interview) Manual 2017/2018 by McMaster University is a guide prepared for interviewers and assessors participating in the MMI process for the university's undergraduate medical program. This manual helps premed students prepare as future physicians by familiarizing them with the unique educational approach at McMaster, which emphasizes self-directed learning, small group learning, and problem-based learning.

McMaster's medical program aims to graduate physicians with the capacity and flexibility to select any area within the broad field of medicine. To achieve this, the program encourages students to define their learning goals, select appropriate experiences to achieve these goals, and be responsible for assessing their progress. This approach helps students develop essential skills for lifelong learning.

The MMI is an important part of the admissions process, as it assesses applicants not only on their academic qualifications but also on personal characteristics and aptitudes such as problem-solving ability, self-appraisal, communication skills, and motivation to study medicine. This helps ensure that selected students are a good fit for McMaster's unique educational environment.

By participating in the MMI, premed students gain exposure to the types of qualities and skills expected from a McMaster medical student, such as the ability to work well in a flexible learning environment, communicate effectively with others, and demonstrate critical thinking. Understanding the MMI process and the qualities it aims to assess can help premed students prepare for their future medical careers and succeed in McMaster's distinctive educational program.

Indigenous Health Calls to Action

Recent developments in the search for the children of residential schools have shown that there is much work to be done in terms of truth and reconciliation. Medical schools are similarly placing a higher emphasis on justice for indigenous communities. It's crucial that all applicants understand the Calls to Action, the disparities that indigenous communities face, and how to improve the healthcare system for indigenous peoples.

The Indigenous Health Calls to Action is a response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's recommendations for redressing the historical injustices faced by Indigenous communities in Canada. This initiative aims to improve the healthcare system for Indigenous peoples and address the disparities they face. As future physicians, pre-med students must understand the Calls to Action to better serve Indigenous communities.

The Calls to Action cover various aspects, including child welfare, education, language and culture, health, and justice. It seeks to address the historical context of residential schools and their legacy on Indigenous peoples. Some health-related recommendations include acknowledging the current state of Indigenous health, establishing measurable goals for closing gaps in health outcomes, and providing sustainable funding for healing centers.

For pre-med students, understanding the Calls to Action can help them prepare for a more inclusive and culturally-sensitive healthcare practice. Medical and nursing schools are encouraged to require courses that deal with Indigenous health issues, history, and the legacy of residential schools. Such training should include intercultural competency, conflict resolution, human rights, and anti-racism.

By being aware of these Calls to Action, pre-med students can contribute to a more equitable healthcare system, addressing the unique needs of Indigenous communities. This knowledge will allow future physicians to provide better care to Indigenous patients, understand the historical context of their health disparities, and work collaboratively with Indigenous healers and Elders when appropriate. Overall, understanding the Indigenous Health Calls to Action is crucial for pre-med students to become well-rounded and compassionate physicians capable of serving diverse populations.

Indigenous Health - Jordan's Principle

Jordan's Principle is a vital initiative in Canada that ensures all First Nations children living in the country have access to the products, services, and supports they need when they need them. This initiative addresses a wide range of health, social, and educational needs, including the unique requirements of First Nations Two-Spirit and LGBTQQIA children and youth and those with disabilities.

For premed students, understanding and applying Jordan's Principle is essential in preparing for their roles as future physicians. By familiarizing themselves with this principle, students can develop cultural competence, appreciate the importance of substantive equality, and learn to provide culturally appropriate services to First Nations children. This understanding will help them safeguard the best interests of their patients and ensure all children have an equal chance to thrive.

Between July 2016 and April 30, 2022, more than 1.53 million products, services, and supports were approved under Jordan's Principle, including speech therapy, educational supports, medical equipment, and mental health services. By acknowledging the significance of Jordan's Principle and its impact on First Nations children's lives, premed students can better prepare to serve these communities in a culturally sensitive and equitable manner.

In summary, Jordan's Principle is crucial in addressing the needs of First Nations children in Canada. For premed students, understanding and applying this principle will help them develop cultural competence, provide culturally appropriate care, and work towards achieving health equity for their future patients.

Healthy Debate

Healthy Debate publishes journalism about health care in Canada by the people whose lives it touches the most, from physicians, patients and caregivers to health journalists, academics, and advocates.

Healthy Debate is a platform that publishes journalism about healthcare in Canada, with a focus on providing a voice to those most affected by the healthcare system, including physicians, patients, caregivers, health journalists, academics, and advocates. By offering in-depth coverage of the inner workings and dysfunctions of the Canadian healthcare system, Healthy Debate facilitates learning, discussions, and debates about healthcare in Canada and encourages imagining what the system could potentially become.

For premed students preparing as future physicians, Healthy Debate can serve as an invaluable resource. By reading articles and opinions from a diverse range of healthcare insiders, students can gain a better understanding of the challenges and opportunities within the Canadian healthcare landscape. This exposure can help premed students develop empathy and awareness of various perspectives, which are essential qualities for future physicians.

By engaging with Healthy Debate, premed students can stay informed about current healthcare issues, policies, and innovations. This knowledge can help them prepare for medical school interviews and make informed decisions about their future careers. Moreover, it encourages critical thinking and promotes an understanding of the complexities of the healthcare system, which can contribute to shaping well-rounded, thoughtful, and compassionate physicians.

In summary, Healthy Debate is a valuable resource for premed students as it offers insights into the Canadian healthcare system through the perspectives of those directly involved. By engaging with the platform, students can develop a deeper understanding of healthcare challenges, foster empathy, and acquire essential knowledge to succeed as future physicians.

Good Medicine: The Art of Ethical Care in Canada

"Great book on ethical behaviour and compassionate medicine" - Ben

Bioethics
2 minutes

Doing Right by Philip C. Hébert

Canadian book with clinical cases of bioethics. This book provides a solid introduction to moral principles and ethical reasoning, but we consider it to be low-yield and rather difficult to read. It requires some basic clinical understanding to best understand the resource. We recommend starting with the University of Washington Bioethics site.

"Great book on ethical behaviour and compassionate medicine" - Ben

Doing Right by Philip C. Hébert is a Canadian book that delves into bioethics through the use of clinical cases. In its fourth edition, this resource offers a case-based approach, which makes it an accessible and practical guide for healthcare trainees and practitioners alike, to navigate the complex world of contemporary biomedical ethics.

The book can help premed students prepare as future physicians by providing them with a solid introduction to moral principles and ethical reasoning. Although it may be considered low-yield and somewhat difficult to read, especially for those without basic clinical understanding, it offers invaluable insights into the ethical challenges healthcare professionals face in real-life scenarios. By studying these cases, premed students can develop their ability to analyze and address ethical dilemmas in a clinical context.

Through the exploration of real-life scenarios, Doing Right allows premed students to better understand and appreciate the ethical dimensions of medical practice. This understanding can help them develop the empathy, professionalism, and ethical decision-making skills necessary to navigate the complexities of patient care.

In summary, Doing Right by Philip C. Hébert is a valuable resource for premed students preparing for their future roles as physicians. While it may require some foundational clinical knowledge, the book offers an applied case-based approach that enables students to engage with ethical issues in a relatable and practical manner, fostering the development of crucial skills for their future medical practice.

Bioethics
Not yet available

Canadian Medical Association Journal - Ethics Section

The Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) - Ethics Section is a valuable resource that offers an in-depth exploration of ethical and topical issues in Canadian medicine. By delving into various ethical challenges, dilemmas, and perspectives, this section can help premed students prepare as future physicians by broadening their understanding of ethical considerations and fostering a strong foundation in medical ethics.

As premed students prepare for their medical careers, it is essential for them to be well-versed in the ethical principles that govern the practice of medicine. The CMAJ - Ethics Section can provide insights into current debates, emerging trends, and complex issues that physicians may encounter in their professional lives. These ethical discussions can range from informed consent, patient autonomy, and end-of-life care to research ethics, resource allocation, and medical professionalism.

By studying the Ethics Section of the CMAJ, premed students can develop a greater awareness of the ethical dimensions of medical practice and learn to navigate difficult decisions with compassion and integrity. Moreover, engaging with these topics can help students build critical thinking skills, enhance their empathy, and foster a commitment to ethical decision-making in their future careers.

In summary, the Canadian Medical Association Journal - Ethics Section is a valuable resource for premed students, as it offers a comprehensive examination of the ethical issues facing Canadian medicine. By engaging with these topics, students can develop a strong ethical foundation, preparing them to become compassionate and responsible physicians.

Health care issues
Not yet available

Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ)

The Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) is a leading peer-reviewed general medical journal that provides a platform for medical professionals, researchers, and policy-makers to share the latest research, innovations, and insights in the field of medicine. By staying up to date with national medical news, premed students can use the CMAJ to enhance their knowledge and understanding of current medical trends, practices, and advancements.

For premed students, the CMAJ can be a valuable resource in their journey to becoming future physicians. The journal covers a wide range of topics, from clinical research and medical education to health policy and ethical issues, offering a comprehensive view of the ever-evolving medical landscape in Canada and beyond. By regularly reading the CMAJ, students can stay informed about the latest developments in their future profession, enabling them to engage in informed discussions and make well-rounded decisions as future healthcare professionals.

Furthermore, the CMAJ can help premed students develop critical thinking skills by exposing them to various perspectives on complex medical issues, fostering a deeper understanding of the multifaceted nature of medicine. This will also help them stay aware of the challenges and opportunities faced by healthcare professionals, promoting a proactive and forward-thinking approach to their medical education.

In summary, the Canadian Medical Association Journal can significantly contribute to premed students' preparedness as future physicians. By staying current with the latest medical news, research, and discussions, they can broaden their knowledge, enhance their critical thinking skills, and develop a comprehensive understanding of the medical field, better equipping them for their future careers in medicine.

Self-reflection
15 minutes

Canadian Guide to Med School (Made by volunteer medical students)

The Canadian Guide to Med School is an incredible resource. Written by 70+ medical students studying at all 17 Canadian medical schools, it provides advice and resources for every stage of interview preparation. There are several full-length MMI circuits, loads of MMI questions with follow-ups, and other helpful documents.

The Canadian Guide to Med School, created by over 70 volunteer medical students from all 17 Canadian medical schools, is an invaluable resource for premed students preparing for their future careers as physicians. It offers comprehensive advice and resources for every stage of interview preparation, including full-length MMI circuits, numerous MMI questions with follow-ups, and other helpful documents.

Interviews are a critical aspect of the medical school application process, providing an opportunity for applicants to showcase their personalities and interpersonal skills. The guide covers different types of interviews, such as traditional/panel interviews, MMIs (Multiple Mini Interviews), modified personal interviews (MPIs), and group interviews, offering insights into the structure and objectives of each format.

For MMI preparation, the guide provides tips, practice questions, and resources that help students develop their soft skills, such as communication, teamwork, and leadership. MMIs consist of a series of stations where applicants are prompted to answer questions, collaborate on tasks, or role-play with actors. By understanding the expectations and objectives of these stations, students can approach the MMI with confidence and demonstrate their competencies to interviewers.

Group interviews are also addressed, emphasizing the importance of teamwork, communication, and collaboration in a medical setting. Premed students can benefit from understanding how to effectively participate in group interviews, showcasing their ability to work well with others and contribute to problem-solving in a team setting.

Overall, the Canadian Guide to Med School is an essential resource for premed students, helping them navigate the interview process, develop crucial skills, and ultimately prepare for their future roles as compassionate and competent physicians.

Canada's Policy and Programs for Employment and Social Development

Many MMI stations will call upon the applicant to propose a health policy that would improve the country. Knowing more about government initiatives to reduce health inequities will always be beneficial, especially with regards to high-yield topics like Indigenous health, rural health, and homelessness. I would recommend checking out all of the links under the "Social development" heading. My personal favourite is the "Housing First" approach under the Reaching Home: Canada's Homelessness Strategy link; it's a radical but convincing way to end homelessness in Canada while improving social capital and resources for people experiencing homelessness.

Canada's Policy and Programs for Employment and Social Development encompass a wide range of initiatives aimed at addressing health inequities and promoting social development. These policies and programs can help premed students prepare as future physicians by increasing their awareness of the challenges faced by various communities, including Indigenous populations, rural residents, and homeless individuals.

By exploring the links under the "Social development" heading, premed students can gain a deeper understanding of government initiatives that seek to reduce health disparities and improve social conditions for vulnerable populations. For instance, the "Housing First" approach under the Reaching Home: Canada's Homelessness Strategy is a compelling solution to address homelessness while enhancing social capital and resources for people experiencing homelessness.

In addition to homelessness strategies, other programs focus on skills and employment, learning, labor, income security, and service networks supporting government departments. By familiarizing themselves with these programs and policies, premed students can better appreciate the broader context of healthcare and social determinants of health, which will allow them to become more informed and compassionate physicians.

Furthermore, premed students can use their knowledge of these policies and programs during MMI (Multiple Mini Interview) stations, where they may be asked to propose health policies to improve the country. By understanding existing initiatives, students can develop well-informed and relevant policy suggestions, demonstrating their engagement with pressing healthcare issues and their commitment to social justice and health equity. Overall, Canada's Policy and Programs for Employment and Social Development provide essential context for premed students as they prepare for their future roles as healthcare professionals.

Self-reflection
15 minutes

CanMEDS Worksheet

Custom videoath worksheet to personalize your responses with examples. Completion of the CanMEDS worksheet is an important part of introspection and the interview preparation.

Self-reflection
15 minutes

CanMEDS Framework

The CanMEDS Framework is a comprehensive competency-based model designed to outline the essential skills and abilities required by physicians to effectively address the healthcare needs of their patients. Developed by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, CanMEDS encompasses seven key roles that are integral to the practice of medicine: Medical Expert, Communicator, Collaborator, Leader, Health Advocate, Scholar, and Professional.

For premed students aspiring to become future physicians, familiarizing themselves with the CanMEDS Framework can provide a clear understanding of the expectations and responsibilities associated with the medical profession in Canada. By exploring each of the seven roles, students can develop a well-rounded perspective on the various aspects of medical practice and identify areas for growth and development.

The CanMEDS Framework can help premed students in the following ways:

  1. Medical Expert: Students can learn to integrate their knowledge, clinical skills, and professional attitudes to provide high-quality patient care.
  2. Communicator: The framework emphasizes the importance of effective communication with patients, families, and colleagues, which is essential for building trust and ensuring optimal care.
  3. Collaborator: Students can develop the ability to work effectively within interprofessional healthcare teams, fostering a collaborative approach to patient care.
  4. Leader: The framework encourages the development of leadership skills, including decision-making, resource allocation, and healthcare system navigation.
  5. Health Advocate: Students can learn to advocate for individual patients and broader community health issues, promoting the well-being of the populations they serve.
  6. Scholar: The framework highlights the value of lifelong learning, research, and knowledge dissemination in the medical profession.
  7. Professional: Students can cultivate a strong sense of ethics, accountability, and commitment to patients, society, and the medical profession.

In summary, the CanMEDS Framework offers premed students a roadmap to developing the essential competencies for successful medical practice. By embracing these roles and honing their skills, future physicians can better meet the healthcare needs of their patients and contribute to the overall improvement of patient care.

Health care issues
Not yet available

CBC News - Health

CBC News - Health is the health-focused section of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's news platform. It covers a wide range of health-related topics and news stories on municipal, provincial, and national levels. As a comprehensive source of health news, CBC News - Health can serve as a valuable resource for premed students in their preparation as future physicians.

By regularly following CBC News - Health, premed students can stay informed about the latest developments, trends, and issues in healthcare across Canada. This enables them to gain a broader understanding of the healthcare system, its challenges, and the ongoing efforts to improve patient care and overall public health. Moreover, students can develop their critical thinking skills by analyzing various perspectives and opinions on complex health issues and policies.

Reading about real-life cases, medical advancements, and policy changes can help premed students contextualize their academic knowledge and better understand how it applies to real-world situations. Furthermore, it can also increase their awareness of the diverse needs of patients and the importance of considering social determinants of health when addressing healthcare challenges.

In summary, CBC News - Health can play a crucial role in preparing premed students as future physicians. By staying up-to-date with the latest health news, students can expand their knowledge, enhance their critical thinking skills, and develop a comprehensive understanding of the healthcare landscape in Canada. This exposure will contribute to their growth as compassionate, well-informed, and effective medical professionals.

Better Now: Six Big Ideas to Improve Health by Dr. Danielle Martin

Dr. Danielle Martin tells the story of her grandfather, Jacques Elie Shilton, a hard-working Egyptian immigrant who, months after arriving in Montreal with 10 family members, suffered a devastating heart attack.

Atul Gawande (Author of many medical books)

"Great for understanding and learning about how patients will have different needs and how even if a treatment doesn’t make the most medical sense to a physician that it can actually be the best option based on what is important to the patient. " - Ben on Being Mortal by Atul Gawande

Atul Gawande's books, including Being Mortal (2014), The Checklist Manifesto (2009), Better (2007), and Complications (2002), offer valuable insights into various aspects of medical practice, helping premed students better prepare as future physicians. These books discuss challenges, limitations, and improvement areas in medicine, offering readers a deeper understanding of patient care, medical ethics, and healthcare systems.

Being Mortal focuses on the end-of-life care and the importance of maintaining patients' dignity, autonomy, and quality of life. This book can help premed students appreciate the significance of compassionate and person-centered care, enabling them to consider patients' individual needs and preferences when making medical decisions.

The Checklist Manifesto emphasizes the value of using checklists in healthcare to reduce errors, improve patient outcomes, and streamline complex processes. This book highlights the importance of organization, teamwork, and communication in medical practice, preparing premed students for the collaborative nature of their future careers.

Better discusses the pursuit of excellence in medicine, offering insights into the habits and practices of highly effective physicians. Through this book, premed students can develop a better understanding of medical professionalism and learn strategies to enhance their own performance.

Complications explores the uncertainties and complexities inherent in medical practice, examining how physicians make decisions, handle errors, and deal with unexpected outcomes. This book encourages premed students to acknowledge and confront these challenges, fostering a more resilient and adaptable mindset.

In summary, Atul Gawande's books provide premed students with valuable perspectives on various aspects of medicine, helping them develop a well-rounded understanding of the profession and preparing them to become empathetic, effective, and ethical physicians.

Program Bioethics Worksheets

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Grasping these aspects of CAM prepares you to effectively discuss its role in healthcare during interviews. It demonstrates your awareness of alternative medical practices and shows your commitment to comprehensive patient care and ethical medical practice.

DNR During Anesthesia and Urgent Procedures

Grasping the complexities surrounding DNR orders is vital for aspiring healthcare professionals. In interviews, showcasing your understanding of these bioethical issues demonstrates not only your knowledge but also your empathy, critical thinking, and commitment to patient-centered care.

Spirituality in Medicine

Grasping the significance of spirituality in medicine during interviews shows depth of character, empathy, and commitment to holistic patient care, demonstrating understanding of how spirituality impacts patient care.

Informed Consent

Understanding and articulating the nuances of informed consent during interviews highlights your depth of ethical awareness and patient-centered approach in healthcare. It demonstrates your ability to engage with patients respectfully, transparently, and empathetically, an essential skill for any aspiring healthcare professional.

HIV and AIDS

Mastery of bioethics in HIV and AIDS care demonstrates a deep understanding of the complexities and responsibilities in healthcare. In interviews for medical schools or healthcare positions, showcasing your knowledge in bioethical dilemmas, especially in sensitive areas like HIV/AIDS, reflects your readiness to handle challenging ethical decisions and your commitment to providing compassionate, patient-centered care. Discussing case studies from this module can illustrate your ability to think critically and ethically in real-world healthcare scenarios.

Treatment Refusal

Showcasing understanding of treatment refusal in pre-healthcare interviews reflects deep ethical comprehension and preparedness to handle complex patient interactions, demonstrating readiness to engage with the multifaceted nature of patient care.
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When Breath Becomes Air by Paul Kalanithi
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When Breath Becomes Air by Paul Kalanithi

When Breath Becomes Air is a poignant, autobiographical account of Dr. Paul Kalanithi, an accomplished neurosurgeon who found himself facing stage IV metastatic lung cancer at the age of 36. This inspiring memoir details his journey from a promising medical career to grappling with terminal illness, ultimately exploring the meaning of life, death, and the role of medicine in the face of mortality.

For premed students preparing for a career as physicians, When Breath Becomes Air offers a unique and deeply personal perspective on the medical profession, challenging them to confront the fragile nature of life and the impact they can have on patients' lives. As they follow Dr. Kalanithi's reflections on his career and his transition from a doctor to a patient, students can gain invaluable insights into the human side of medicine, which often goes beyond the technical skills and knowledge they acquire in their education.

The book serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of empathy, compassion, and effective communication in the practice of medicine. It encourages students to consider the broader implications of their work and the profound responsibility they hold as future physicians. By bearing witness to Dr. Kalanithi's vulnerability and resilience, students can learn to approach their profession with humility, self-awareness, and a deep sense of purpose.

In summary, When Breath Becomes Air is a transformative read for premed students, providing them with a profound understanding of the human experience in healthcare. By exploring the intricacies of life, death, and the practice of medicine through Dr. Kalanithi's journey, students can develop the compassion, empathy, and wisdom that will be essential to their success as future physicians.

"Amazing account of the patient perspective and what Doctors may not consider about the patient perspective." - Ben

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Next Steps for You

We concentrate on three key areas: structuring responses for clarity and impact, mastering delivery to communicate with confidence, and effectively tackling a diverse array of prompts to broaden your adaptability. Each step is a building block towards a more polished and poised you, ready to face any challenge with strategy and poise.

Watch

Interviewer Experience

10 mins

Immerse yourself in the interview process by observing two students navigate through questions. Gain insights as you watch a reviewer score and offer constructive feedback, providing a real-world glimpse into the dynamics of interviews. This experience is your window into understanding the intricacies of both questioning and responding, helping you anticipate and prepare for your own journey.

Perform

Early Diagnostic MMI

15 mins

Embark on the quickest route to align your interview skills with your goals through our Calibration Test. Designed like an MCAT diagnostic, this assessment measures your current readiness, helping pinpoint strengths and areas for growth. It's crucial to begin early, treating it as a real interview to yield genuine insights. Respond to typical medical school interview questions and receive a score compared against a vast database of global applicants. This percentile or decile score offers a clear perspective of where you stand. Post-assessment, dive into top-tier answers and feedback from previous years to understand what excellence looks like.

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Guidance and Feedback

3 mins
+30% score
50 Reviews

Choose the level of guidance and feedback that suits your preparation style and goals. From initial steps to advanced fine-tuning, we offer a spectrum of support to match your journey. Consider upgrading for bespoke guidance as you progress. Embrace your learning curve by identifying weaknesses and exploring effective strategies. Our team is on standby, ready to propel you forward with tailored advice and comprehensive resources. Dive in, refine your skills, and when ready, reach out for that personalized touch to elevate your journey. Your path to success starts here!

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Feedback Mode: Accelerated Success

3 mins
+30% score
50 Reviews

Access concise, written feedback aimed at honing your interview skills swiftly and effectively. Customized to your progress, our guidance helps you quickly achieve your goals and return to your daily life. With each step, feedback adapts to your evolving needs, ensuring every piece of advice propels you closer to success.

Jamie scored your response an 8/10

You spoke clearly and had a good pacing. I heard a lot of ums in the beginning, so just make sure you practice not using those little words as much as you can. Also, try to show a little bit more enthusiasm so your interviewer knows that you're more engaged in the interview. You were able to identify a strength, a weakness, one is more important, so good job there. When talking about your strength, you did well talking about how you problem-solve on a general level, but your answer would be much more powerful if you could provide a specific example of the time you demonstrated the strength. So you also mentioned your problem-solving is how you live your life . . .

Feedback Score: 4/10

You went deep on where the specific difficulties lie, but I didn't hear anything in terms of how you plan to improve this weakness. A specific plan and example of how you are actively working on your weakness would be again really much more powerful. If you could also tie both of your answers, weakness and strength, into what it means to be a physician or practice as a physician, this would make your overall goal and mindset much more clear. So it's a good start as of now, an overall 4 out of 10, but keep practicing.

Recommended next steps

Opening Up Prompt: (5min)
Improve speech fluency and minimize "ums" with relaxed yet effective prompts. Regular practice increases awareness and eliminates verbal fillers, making speaking more natural and confident.

Applying Your Experiences to Medicine Course: (30min)
Learn to authentically articulate your journey and its relevance to medicine. This course deepens your understanding of strengths and experiences, aiding in responding to various interview scenarios and aligning with medical school missions.